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Denmark (Listeni/'d?nm?rk/; Danish: Danmark, pronounced ( hear)), formally the dominion of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark, ( pay attention)), is actually a sovereign state in Northern Europe, with two supplemental overseas constituent countries also forming integral aspects of the dominion; the Faroe Islands during the North Atlantic and Greenland in North The usa. Denmark appropriate may be the southernmost with the Nordic nations, found southwest of Sweden, with which it is linked from the Øresund Bridge, and south of Norway, and bordered to your south by Germany. The region is made of a sizable peninsula, Jutland, and plenty of islands, most notably Zealand, Funen, Lolland, Falster and Bornholm, too as a huge selection of minimal islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago.
The dominion of Denmark can be a constitutional monarchy organised in the sort of a parliamentary democracy, with its seat of government inside the funds metropolis of Copenhagen. The dominion is unitary, with powers to handle inside affairs currently being devolved within the central govt to Greenland and also the Faroe Islands; this polity is referred to as the rigsfællesskab (the Danish Realm). Denmark right would be the hegemonial region, where by judicial, govt, and legislative electrical power reside. The Faroe Islands are described for being a community of people within the kingdom, as well as the Greenlandic folks are defined for a distinct people who have the best to self-determination. Just one of the results of this arrangement is the fact that Denmark turned a member in the European Union in 1973, but the two Greenland and the Faroe Islands have opted to stay beyond the EU.
At first the house with the Vikings, Norse seafaring explorers who invaded and settled in many areas of Europe and Russia, Denmark emerged for a unified kingdom while in the Center Ages. Denmark's later on historical past has particularly been affected by its geographical site between the North and Baltic seas. This intended that it was involving Sweden and Germany and so with the center on the mutual struggle for charge of the Baltic Sea; prior to the digging of the Kiel Canal, h2o passage to your Baltic Sea was doable only as a result of the a couple of channels known as the Danish straits. Denmark was prolonged in disputes with Sweden around charge of Skånelandene (Scanian War) and Norway, as well as in disputes while using the Hanseatic League above the duchies of Schleswig (a Danish fief) and Holstein (a German fief). Sooner or later Denmark dropped the conflicts and finished up ceding to start with Skånelandene to Sweden and afterwards Schleswig-Holstein into the German Empire. Denmark acquired Greenland and also the Faroe Islands in 1814 once the dissolution of a individual union with Norway, although the Danish monarchy, which had dominated around equally Norway and Denmark, were in possession of the colonies considering that the fourteenth century.
A founding member with the United Nations, NATO as well as the OECD, Denmark is also a member on the Business for Protection and Co-operation in Europe. Having a remarkably created blended current market overall economy as well as a big welfare condition, Denmark ranks as having our planet's top level of cash flow equality, and possesses the one particular in the world's greatest for every capita money. It has typically rated as being the happiest and the very least corrupt region within the entire world. In 2011, Denmark was outlined 16th for the Human Enhancement Index (eighth to the inequality-adjusted HDI), third around the Democracy Index and 2nd to the Corruption Perceptions Index. The nationwide language, Danish, is intently relevant to Swedish and Norwegian, with which it shares strong cultural and historical ties. Denmark, alongside with Sweden and Norway, is an element of the cultural region recognized as Scandinavia which is also a member of the Nordic Council.
The etymology in the phrase Denmark, and especially the relationship amongst Danes and Denmark and also the unifying of Denmark like a one kingdom, can be a issue which attracts debate. This is certainly centered mostly around the prefix "Dan" and no matter if it refers back to the Dani or even a historic man or woman Dan and the specific that means from the -"mark" ending. The problem is even further complicated by many references to various Dani folks in Scandinavia and other destinations in Europe in Greek and Roman accounts (like Ptolemy, Jordanes, and Gregory of Excursions), at the same time as mediaeval literature (like Adam of Bremen, Beowulf, Widsith and Poetic Edda).
Most handbooks obtain the very first part of the word, plus the title of the people, from a term this means "flat land", relevant to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave", Sanskrit dhánu?- (?????; "desert"). The -mark is believed to signify woodland or borderland (see marches), with probable references to your border forests in south Schleswig,
The primary recorded use of the word Danmark inside Denmark by itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which happen to be runestones believed to obtain been erected by Gorm the Previous (c. 955) and Harald Bluetooth (c. 965). The greater stone of your two is popularly cited as Denmark's baptismal certificate (dåbsattest), even though both use the phrase "Denmark", inside the kind of accusative ???????? "tanmaurk" () around the substantial stone, and genitive "tanmarkar" (pronounced ) about the smaller stone. The inhabitants of Denmark are there termed "tani" (), or "Danes", while in the accusative.
Major report: Background of Denmark
See also: Heritage of Greenland and Heritage from the Faroe Islands
The earliest archaeological results in Denmark date again to your Eem interglacial period of time from one hundred thirty,000-110,000 BC. Denmark continues to be inhabited because all-around 12,five hundred BC and agriculture continues to be noticeable due to the fact 3900 BC. The Nordic Bronze Age (1800-600 BC) in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which still left an abundance of findings such as lurs and also the Sunshine Chariot.
Throughout the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC - one Advert), native teams began migrating south, although the very first Danish individuals came towards the place concerning the Pre-Roman along with the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age (1-400 Ad). The Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins happen to be found in Denmark. Facts of strong Celtic cultural affect dates because of this interval in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is particularly amid other things mirrored while in the getting on the Gundestrup cauldron.
The gilded facet in the Trundholm solar chariot
Historians believe that prior to the arrival in the precursors to the Danes, who came through the east Danish islands (Zealand) and Skåne and spoke an early type of North Germanic, almost all of Jutland as well as closest islands were settled by Jutes. They ended up afterwards invited to Good Britain as mercenaries by Brythonic King Vortigern and ended up granted the southeastern territories of Kent, the Isle of Wight amongst other places, where they settled. They were being afterwards absorbed or ethnically cleansed through the invading Angles and Saxons, who shaped the Anglo-Saxons. The remaining inhabitants in Jutland assimilated in with all the Danes.
A short notice regarding the Dani in "Getica" by historian Jordanes is believed by some being an earlier point out in the Danes, 1 of your ethnic groups from whom the modern Danish people are descended. The Danevirke defence constructions were being designed in phases within the 3rd century ahead, and the sheer dimension from the building efforts in 737 are attributed towards the emergence of the Danish king. The modern runic alphabet was initial employed close to precisely the same time, and Ribe, the oldest city of Denmark, was founded about seven hundred.
Primary content articles: Viking Age and Kalmar Union
The Ladby ship, the largest ship burial located in Denmark
From your eighth on the tenth century, the Danes were known as Vikings. Collectively with Norwegians and Swedes, they colonised, raided and traded in all areas of Europe. Viking explorers to start with uncovered Iceland by accident in the 9th century, about the way toward the Faroe Islands and eventually discovered "Vinland" (Land of wine) also acknowledged currently as Newfoundland, in Canada. The Danish Vikings ended up most productive in the British Isles and Western Europe. They briefly conquered and settled aspects of England (identified because the Danelaw), Ireland and France where by they founded Normandy. Additional Anglo-Saxon pence of the time period happen to be discovered in Denmark than in England. As attested with the Jelling stones, the Danes were united and Christianised about 965 by Harald Bluetooth. It is believed that Denmark turned Christian for political causes in order not to get invaded through the increasing Christian strength in Europe, Germania, which was a crucial exchanging region for the Danes. In that situation Harald designed 6 fortresses about Denmark identified as Trelleborg and built an extra Danevirke. In the earlier 11th century Canute the truly amazing won and united Denmark, England and Norway for nearly thirty many years.
Throughout the High and Late Middle Ages, Denmark also involved Skåneland (Skåne, Halland and Blekinge) and Danish kings ruled Danish Estonia, as well because the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. The majority of the latter two now form the condition of Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany.
In 1397, Denmark entered into a personalized union with Norway and Sweden, united less than Queen Margaret I. The three international locations had been being taken care of as equals inside the union. Nonetheless, even from your get started Margaret may not are actually so idealistic-treating Denmark because the very clear "senior" spouse of the union. Therefore, a lot of your up coming a hundred twenty five many years of Scandinavian history revolves all over this union, with Sweden breaking off and getting re-conquered continuously. The difficulty was for simple uses resolved on 17 June 1523, as Swedish King Gustav Vasa conquered the city of Stockholm.
The Protestant Reformation came to Scandinavia from the 1530s, and next the Count's Feud civil war, Denmark transformed to Lutheranism in 1536. Afterwards that year, Denmark entered right into a union with Norway.
Earlier contemporary history
Main write-up: Denmark-Norway
Struggle of Öland amongst an allied Dano-Norwegian-Dutch fleet as well as Swedish navy, 1 June 1676.
Right after Sweden permanently broke absent from your Kalmar Union in 1523, Denmark tried on two instances to reassert management above Sweden. The very first was in the Northern 7 Many years War which lasted from 1563 until 1570. The 2nd event was the Kalmar War when King Christian IV attacked Sweden in 1611 but didn't achieve his major aim of forcing Sweden to return into the union with Denmark. The war led to no territorial adjustments, but Sweden was forced to pay a war indemnity of 1 million silver riksdaler to Denmark, an volume known since the Älvsborg ransom.
King Christian utilized this income to identified a number of towns and fortresses, most notably Glückstadt (started as a rival to Hamburg), Christiania (next a fire destroying the initial metropolis of Oslo), Christianshavn, Christianstad and Christiansand. Christian also built many buildings, most notably Børsen, Rundetårn, Nyboder, Rosenborg, a silver mine plus a copper mill. Inspired with the Dutch East India Corporation, he started the same Danish corporation and prepared to assert Ceylon as being a colony, but the corporation only maintained to obtain Tranquebar on India's Coromandel Coast. Denmark's significant colonial aspirations have been minimal to a couple key buying and selling blogposts in Africa and India.
In the Thirty Years' War, Christian attempted to become the chief with the Lutheran states in Germany but suffered a crushing defeat on the Battle of Lutter. The consequence was which the Catholic army less than Albrecht von Wallenstein was in a position to invade, occupy and pillage Jutland, forcing Denmark to withdraw through the war. Denmark managed to stay away from territorial concessions, but Gustavus Adolphus' intervention in Germany was found being a sign that the military services electricity of Sweden was about the rise while Denmark's impact while in the area was declining. Swedish armies invaded Jutland in 1643 and claimed Skåne in 1644. İn keeping with Geoffrey Parker, "The Swedish profession brought on a drop in agricultural output in addition to a scarcity of capital; harvest failure and plague ravaged the land involving 1647 and 1651; Denmark's inhabitants fell by 20 per cent."
In the 1645 Treaty of Brømsebro, Denmark surrendered Halland, Gotland, the last parts of Danish Estonia, and several provinces in Norway. In 1657, king Frederick III declared war on Sweden and marched on Bremen-Verden. This brought about an enormous Danish defeat as well as armies of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden conquered both Jutland, Funen and far of Zealand ahead of signing the Peace of Roskilde in February 1658 which gave Sweden charge of Skåne, Blekinge, Trøndelag as well as the island of Bornholm. Charles X Gustav promptly regretted not obtaining ruined Denmark fully and in August 1658 he commenced a two-year very long siege of Copenhagen but did not choose the funds. In the subsequent peace settlement, Denmark managed to help keep its independence and regain control of Trøndelag and Bornholm.
Denmark tried out to get back charge of Skåne during the Scanian War (1675-79) but this try was a failure. Subsequent the truly amazing Northern War (1700-21), Denmark managed to revive charge of the aspects of Schleswig and Holstein ruled by house of Holstein-Gottorp in 1721 and 1773, respectively. In the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark formerly tried to go after a policy of neutrality and trade with both equally France and the Uk and joined the League of Armed Neutrality with Russia, Sweden and Prussia. The British regarded as this a hostile act and attacked Copenhagen in both of those 1801 and 1807, in one situation carrying off the Danish fleet, while in the other, burning substantial portions of the Danish cash. This resulted in the so-called Danish-British Gunboat War, but the British control of the waterways among Denmark and Norway proven catastrophic on the union's financial system and in 1813, Denmark-Norway went bankrupt. The Danish-Norwegian union was dissolved by the Treaty of Kiel in 1814. Norway entered a completely new union with Sweden which lasted right until 1905. Denmark held the colonies of Iceland, Faroe Islands and Greenland. İn addition to the Nordic colonies, Denmark dominated in excess of Danish India (Tranquebar in India) from 1620 to 1869, the Danish Gold Coastline (Ghana) from 1658 to 1850, as well as Danish West Indies (the U.S. Virgin Islands) from 1671 to 1917.
Den Grundlovsgivende Rigsforsamling (The founding fathers of your Danish structure), 1860-1864 painting by Constantin Hansen.
The Danish liberal and countrywide movements received momentum from the 1830s, and following the European Revolutions of 1848 Denmark peacefully turned a constitutional monarchy on five June 1849. Once the 2nd War of Schleswig in 1864, Denmark was forced to cede Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia, inside of a defeat that still left serious marks about the Danish nationwide identity. Following these events, Denmark pursued a policy of neutrality in Europe.
Once the defeat of Germany in World War I, the Versailles powers presented to return the then-German region of Schleswig-Holstein to Denmark. Fearing German irredentism, Denmark refused to think about the return on the space and insisted on the plebiscite regarding the return of Schleswig. The two Schleswig Plebiscites occurred on ten February and fourteen March, respectively. On 10 July 1920, following the plebiscite and also the King's signature (nine July) to the reunion document, Northern Schleswig (Sønderjylland) was recovered by Denmark, thus including 163,600 inhabitants and 3,984 km². The reunion working day (Genforeningsdag) is celebrated each calendar year fifteen June on Valdemarsdag.
Denmark turned a member of the European Union in 1973 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Germany's invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 - code referred to as Procedure Weserübung - met only two several hours of army resistance ahead of the Danish authorities surrendered. Financial co-operation amongst Germany and Denmark continued right up until 1943, once the Danish federal government refused more co-operation and its navy sank a lot of its ships and sent as lots of their officers because they could to Sweden. İn the war, the government was helpful towards the Danish Jewish minority, as well as the Danish resistance done a rescue procedure that maintained to acquire the vast majority of them to Sweden and basic safety shortly prior to the Germans planned to spherical up the Danish Jews. Denmark led quite a few "inside operations" or sabotage from the German services. Iceland severed ties to Denmark and became an independent republic, as well as in 1948, the Faroe Islands gained dwelling rule.
After the war, Denmark grew to become just one of your founding customers from the United Countries and NATO, and in 1973, along with Britain and Ireland, joined the eu Financial Community (now the european Union) right after a general public referendum. The Maastricht treaty was ratified immediately after a further referendum in 1993 as well as subsequent addition of concessions for Denmark beneath the Edinburgh Arrangement. Greenland received house principle in 1979 and was awarded self-determination in 2009. Neither Greenland nor the Faroe Islands are members of the European Union, the Faroese declining membership in EEC from 1973 and Greenland from 1986, in equally circumstances thanks to fisheries insurance policies.
İn spite of its moderate dimensions, Denmark has long been collaborating in significant UN sanctioned, and often NATO led, navy and humanitarian functions notably such as: Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Korea, Egypt, Croatia, Kosovo, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia and not long ago Libya. In 2009 Anders Fogh Rasmussen resigned as Prime Minister of Denmark to become the Secretary Typical of NATO.
Main article: Geography of Denmark
Map of Denmark.
A satellite impression of metropolitan Denmark.
Positioned in Northern Europe, Denmark includes the peninsula of Jutland and 443 referred to as islands (one,419 islands above 100 m² in whole). Of such, seventy two are inhabited, using the major getting Zealand and Funen. The island of Bornholm is situated east with the rest from the region, in the Baltic Sea. A lot of the much larger islands are connected by bridges; the Øresund Bridge connects Zealand with Sweden; the fantastic Belt Bridge connects Funen with Zealand; as well as Small Belt Bridge connects Jutland with Funen. Ferries or smaller aircraft connect to the smaller islands. The biggest towns with populations over 100,000 are the cash Copenhagen on Zealand; Århus and Aalborg in Jutland; and Odense on Funen.
Denmark occupies a region of 43,094 square kilometres (sixteen,638.69 sq mi). The size of your land space of Denmark can not be mentioned accurately considering the fact that the water frequently erodes and provides product into the coastline, and because of human land reclamation assignments (to counter erosion). It shares a border of 68 kilometres with Germany to your south and is also in any other case surrounded by seven,314 km (four,545 mi) of tidal shoreline (which includes compact bays and inlets). No locale in Denmark is more from the coast than 52 km (32 mi). On the southwest coastline of Jutland, the tide is among one and a couple of m (3.28 and 6.fifty six ft), as well as the tideline moves outward and inward over a 10 km (six.two mi) stretch.
Denmark's northernmost position is Skagens stage (the north seaside on the Skaw) at 57° 45' 7" northern latitude; the southernmost is Gedser place (the southern suggestion of Falster) at 54° 33' 35" northern latitude; the westernmost position is Blåvandshuk at 8° 4' 22" japanese longitude; as well as easternmost point is Østerskær at 15° 11' 55" japanese longitude. İt is while in the archipelago Ertholmene 18 kilometres northeast of Bornholm. The space from east to west is 452 kilometres (281 mi), from north to south 368 kilometres (229 mi).
The region is flat with minimal elevation; acquiring a median top earlier mentioned sea volume of 31 metres (102 ft). The highest organic place is Møllehøj, at a hundred and seventy.86 metres (560.fifty six ft). The realm of inland h2o is 700 km2 (270 sq mi).
Phytogeographically, the dominion of Denmark (including Greenland and also the Faroe Islands) belongs to your Boreal Kingdom and is also shared among the Arctic, Atlantic European and Central European provinces in the Circumboreal Area. İn line with the entire world Large Fund for Mother nature, the territory of Denmark may be subdivided into two ecoregions: the Atlantic combined forests and Baltic blended forests. The Faroe Islands are coated from the Faroe Islands boreal grasslands, when Greenland hosts the ecoregions of Kalaallit Nunaat high arctic tundra and Kalaallit Nunaat small arctic tundra.
Denmark provides a temperate local climate, characterised by gentle winters, with mean temperatures in January and February of 0.0 °C (32.0 °F), and cool summers, by using a necessarily mean temperature in August of 15.7 °C (60.3 °F). Denmark has a mean of 121 days a year with precipitation, on typical getting a complete of 712 millimetres (28 in) every year; autumn is the wettest season and spring the driest.
As a result of Denmark's northern place, you can find large seasonal variations in daylight. You'll find quick days during the winter season with sunrise coming around eight:45 am and sunset 3:forty five pm, in addition as prolonged summer season days with sunrise at 4:30 am and sunset at 10 pm.
The Danish landscape is characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts.
Beech trees are widespread throughout Denmark, specifically in the sparse woodlands.
Much of Denmark is extremely urbanised, this sort of as Copenhagen, the funds metropolis.
Denmark has traditionally taken a progressive stance on environmental preservation; in 1971 Denmark set up a Ministry of Setting and was the 1st place while in the entire world to put into action an environmental legislation in 1973. To mitigate environmental degradation and world-wide warming the Danish Govt has signed the next worldwide agreements: Antarctic Treaty; Local climate Change-Kyoto Protocol; Endangered Species Act
Copenhagen could be the spearhead in the dazzling environmentally friendly environmental motion in Denmark Copenhagen's most important environment investigation institutions would be the University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Small business School, Risø DTU Nationwide Laboratory for Sustainable Electrical power and also the Specialized College of Denmark, which Risø has become aspect of. Foremost around the 2009 United Countries Local climate İmprove Convention (Copenhagen Summit), the University of Copenhagen held the Environment Modify: İntercontinental Dangers, Problems and Conclusions meeting in which the need for thorough motion to mitigate local weather change was pressured because of the intercontinental scientific neighborhood. Notable figures such as Rajendra K. Pachauri, Chairman of your IPCC, Professor Nicholas Stern, writer of the Stern Report and Professor Daniel Kammen all emphasised the great illustration set by Copenhagen and Denmark in capitalising on cleantech and accomplishing economic expansion while stabilising carbon emissions.
Denmark's eco-friendly household gasoline emissions for each greenback of worth manufactured continues to be in most cases unstable due to the fact 1990, seeing sudden growths and falls. Overall although, there's been a reduction in fuel emissions for every greenback value added to its market place. It lags at the rear of other Scandinavian nations around the world these as Norway and Sweden.
Primary posting: Politics of Denmark
Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
The dominion of Denmark is usually a constitutional monarchy, through which Queen Margrethe II is head of state, but royal electricity has extensive been constrained to ceremonial features. The monarch is not answerable for their steps, as well as monarch's individual is sacrosanct. The Danish political method operates underneath a framework laid out in the Structure of Denmark. Variations to it require an complete the greater part in two consecutive parliamentary terms and vast majority approval by means of a referendum (and also the referendum the greater part constitutes not less than 40 for every cent with the electorate). The Structure lays out a political system depending on the separation of powers into the several branches of presidency; the legislative, the chief as well as the judiciary branches.
Christiansborg Palace, exactly where the parliament plus the courts meet.
The Folketing is the countrywide parliament, the supreme legislative shape on the kingdom. In theory it's got the final word legislative authority in line with the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty, it can be able to legislate on any make a difference rather than bound by choices of its predecessors. However inquiries more than sovereignty have been brought ahead as a result of Denmark's entry in the European Union. Parliament includes a hundred seventy five customers elected by proportional greater part, plus two users each individual from Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Parliamentary elections are held no less than every 4 ages, nonetheless it is within the powers of the prime minister to ask the monarch to simply call for an election ahead of the time period has elapsed. On a vote of no self confidence, the parliament might power just one minister or perhaps the whole federal government to resign.
The Danish political method has historically created coalitions. Most Danish post-war governments are minority coalitions ruling with all the service of non-government events.
The Prime Minister of Denmark, Helle Thorning-Schmidt.
The primary minister is formally appointed because of the monarch, around the information of social gathering leaders following an election or collapse of a governing administration. In exercise the primary minister is chosen by way of negotiation concerning the parliament get together leaders, customarily while using the chief of the greatest get together in a coalition currently being appointed. Govt authority is exercised on behalf with the monarch from the primary minister along with other cabinet ministers who head departments. The cabinet, primary minister as well as other ministers jointly make up the federal government of Denmark.
Lars Løkke Rasmussen was the primary minister from April 2009 till September 2011. He headed a right-wing governing administration coalition consisting of Venstre (a conservative liberal celebration) along with the Conservative People's Occasion, with parliamentary aid from the national-conservative Danish People's Social gathering. Subsequent the September 2011 election the appropriate wing lost by a little margin for the opposing left-wing coalition, led by Helle Thorning-Schmidt who on three Oct 2011 formed a fresh government consisting in the Cultural Democrats, the Danish Cultural Liberal Bash and the Socialist People's Party. Helle Thorning-Schmidt grew to become the primary feminine primary minister in Denmark.
Key write-up: Courts of Denmark
Judicial authority continues to be distinct within the govt and legislature and lies using the courts of justice. The kingdom of Denmark won't have a very one unified judicial system - Denmark suitable has just one technique, Greenland another, and also the Faroe Islands a 3rd. On the other hand, choices by highest courts in Greenland along with the Faroe Islands could be appealed for the Danish High Courts. The Danish Supreme Court is the maximum civil and felony court responsible for that administration of justice during the kingdom.
Articles or blog posts 62 and 64 from the Danish Constitution ensure judicial independence from Federal government and Parliament by furnishing that judges shall only be guided because of the regulation, like functions, statutes and exercise.
İnternational relations and military
Even more facts: Overseas relations of Denmark, Danish Defence, and Armed forces heritage of Denmark
Danish overseas coverage relies on its identification like a sovereign nation in Europe. As such its principal foreign coverage concentration is on its relations with other nations around the world being a sovereign unbiased nation. Denmark has prolonged had fantastic relations with other nations. It is involved in coordinating Western support on the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania).
Adhering to World War II, Denmark ended its two-hundred year very long policy of neutrality. Denmark may be a member of NATO because its founding in 1949, and membership in NATO stays very preferred. There were a number of significant confrontations among the U.S. and Denmark on stability coverage from the so-called "footnote era" (1982-88), when an alternative parliamentary majority compelled the federal government to adopt distinct countrywide placements on nuclear and arms regulate concerns. While using the stop of the Chilly War, nonetheless, Denmark has become supportive of U.S. policy goals inside the Alliance.
Danish MP-soldiers conducting superior law enforcement instruction.
Denmark's armed forces are known given that the Danish Defence (Danish: Forsvaret). All through peacetime, the Ministry of Defence in Denmark employs all over 33,000 in total. The primary armed service branches hire almost 27,000: 15,460 in the Royal Danish Army, 5,three hundred in the Royal Danish Navy and six,050 within the Royal Danish Air Force (all including conscripts).
The Danish Emergency Administration Agency (Beredskabsstyrelsen) employs 2,000 (like conscripts), and about four,000 are in non-branch-specific products and services such as the Danish Defence Command, the Danish Defence Study Establishment as well as Danish Defence Intelligence Support. Additionally about 55,000 function volunteers during the Danish Home Guard (Hjemmeværnet).
The place is often a solid supporter of international peacekeeping. The Danish Defence has close to one,four hundred team in international missions, not which include standing contributions to NATO SNMCMG1. The about three most significant contributions are in Afghanistan (ISAF), Kosovo (KFOR) and Lebanon (UNIFIL). İnvolving 2003 and 2007, there were close to 450 Danish troopers in Iraq.
Denmark is these days pursuing an active international coverage, in which human legal rights, democracy and also other essential values are to generally be defended actively. In new ages Greenland as well as the Faroe Islands have been guaranteed a say in foreign policy issues these as fishing, whaling, and geopolitical worries.
Key content pieces: Regions of Denmark and Municipalities of Denmark
Denmark suitable is divided into 5 areas (Danish: regioner, singular: location) as well as a total of ninety eight municipalities. The areas have been created on 1 January 2007 to switch the former counties. While doing so, smaller sized municipalities were merged into even larger units, chopping the number of municipalities from 270 to 98. Most municipalities have a very inhabitants of not less than twenty,000 persons to provide them economic and expert sustainability, although a few exceptions have been built to this principle. One of the most crucial space of responsibility for locations would be the national wellness support. Not like the former counties, the areas usually are not allowed to levy taxes, as well as the well being services is largely financed by a countrywide well being treatment contribution of 8% (Danish: sundhedsbidrag) bundled with money from the two govt and municipalities. Municipalities and regions are led by right elected councils, elected every 4 years. The very last Danish regional elections had been held on terrorist organization 2009.
The Ertholmene archipelago, which has a populace of 96 (2008), is neither element of the municipality nor a region but belongs into the Ministry of Defence.
The dominion of Denmark is often a unitary state, even so the Faroe Islands and Greenland had been granted residence rule (political autonomy) in 1948 and 1979 respectively, acquiring formerly had the status of counties. Considerable powers have been devolved towards the Faroe Islands and Greenland, that have their unique governments and legislatures and so are effectively self-governing in relation to domestic affairs. Nevertheless, the devolved legislatures are subordinate on the Folketing in which the 2 territories are represented by two seats every single. Superior Commissioners (Danish: Rigsombudsmand) act as representatives with the Danish federal government.
Main report: Financial system of Denmark
Denmark is often a top producer of pork, and the biggest exporter of pork items from the EU.
Denmark incorporates a present day, prosperous and formulated blended market place economy, rating 16th during the world with regard to GDP (PPP) per capita and fifth in nominal GDP for every capita. A liberalization of import tariffs in 1797 marked the end of mercantilism and even further liberalization from the nineteenth and also the commencing of your twentieth century established the Danish liberal custom in intercontinental trade that was only to generally be broken by the nineteen thirties. Property legal rights have savored powerful safety. Denmark's economy stands out as one of the most absolutely free within the Index of Economic Freedom and also the Economical Freedom on the planet. The economic climate has large ranges of intercontinental trade and Denmark is referred to as a free of charge trade advocate in the European Union. Denmark is amongst the most competitive economies from the earth as outlined by World Financial Forum 2008 report, IMD and the Economist.
As a result of its commended "flexicurity" design, Denmark has one of the most free labour current market in Europe, according to the whole world Bank. Employers can seek the services of and fire whenever they want (adaptability), and among work opportunities, unemployment payment is very higher (safety). The planet Lender ranks Denmark given that the easiest area in Europe to complete business. Developing a business can be carried out in the subject of hours and at very very low fees. Denmark incorporates a aggressive business tax level of 25% and also a special time confined tax regime for expatriates. The Danish taxation program is broad dependent, by using a 25% VAT, in addition to excise taxes, money taxes along with other expenses. The general tax burden (sum of all taxes, being a percentage of GDP) is approximated to become 46% in 2011.
Denmark contains a labour pressure of about 2.9 million. Denmark has the fourth greatest ratio of tertiary degree holders in the earth. GDP for every hour labored was the 13th maximum in 2009. Denmark has our planet's lowest standard of revenue inequality, as outlined by the globe Lender Gini (%), plus the world's greatest minimum wage, as outlined by the IMF. As of June 2010 the unemployment price is at 7.4%, which can be below the EU regular of 9.6%.
Denmark's forex, the krone, is pegged at close to 7.46 kroner for each euro by the ERM. Though a September 2000 referendum turned down adopting the euro, the region in exercise follows the policies established forth in the Economic and Financial Union with the European Union and satisfies the economical convergence requirements wanted to adopt the euro. Almost all the political functions from the parliament are for the euro, but as but a fresh referendum hasn't been held, irrespective of plans; skepticism from the EU among Danish voters has historically been solid. Denmark is understood for that Danish cooperative movements inside between some others farming, the food marketplace (Danish Crown), dairy creation (Arla Foods), retailing (Brugsen), wind turbine cooperatives and co-housing associations.
Denmark is a component of your Schengen Location along with the EU one industry, even though it has opted away from the Eurozone.
Support without spending a dime trade is large - inside a 2007 poll 76% responded that globalisation is a excellent thing. 70% of trade flows are inside the European Union. Denmark has the ninth maximum export for every capita during the world. Denmark's most important exports are: industrial production/manufactured goods 73.3% (of which equipment and instruments have been 21.4%, and fuels, chemical compounds, etc. 26%); agricultural items and some others for usage 18.7% (in 2009 meat and meat goods had been 5.5% of total export; fish and fish items two.9%). Denmark is really a internet exporter of foodstuff and strength and possesses for your number of several years had a balance of repayments surplus though battling an equal of roughly 39% of GNP foreign debt or even more than 300 billion DKK.
StatBank could be the title of a massive statistical database maintained through the central authority of research in Denmark. On the internet distribution of studies continues to be a part in the dissemination system in Denmark because 1985. By this assistance, Denmark can be a top nation while in the environment relating to digital dissemination of stats. You will find about 2 million hits each calendar year.
Offshore wind turbines in the vicinity of Copenhagen
Major short article: Strength in Denmark
Denmark has substantial types of oil and purely natural gasoline inside the North Sea and ranks as selection 32 inside the planet amongst web exporters of crude oil and was manufacturing 259,980 barrels of crude oil per day in 2009. Most electrical power is created from coal, but 25-28% of electrical power desire is supplied by wind turbines. Denmark is usually a extended time chief in wind strength, and as of May 2011 Denmark derives three.1% of its gross home-based product from renewable (clear) energy technology and energy efficiency, or around €6.5 billion ($9.4 billion). Denmark is connected by electric transmission lines to other European countries. On six September 2012, Denmark introduced the most important wind turbine while in the entire world, and adding four a lot more the following four several years.
Denmark's power market has built-in fluctuating and unpredictable strength sources this sort of as wind strength in to the nationwide grid. Denmark now aims to concentration on clever battery units (V2G) and plug-in autos inside the transportation sector.
Primary posting: Transport in Denmark
Copenhagen Airport may be the most significant airport in Scandinavia and fifteenth busiest in Europe.
Major financial investment has been manufactured in making road and rail one-way links in between regions in Denmark, most notably the fantastic Belt Mounted Backlink, which connects Zealand and Funen. It is currently possible to travel from Frederikshavn in northern Jutland to Copenhagen on eastern Zealand with no leaving the motorway. The leading railway operator is DSB for passenger services and DB Schenker Rail for freight trains. The railway tracks are maintained by Banedanmark. Copenhagen contains a compact Metro process, the Copenhagen Metro, as well as the Better Copenhagen area has a thorough electrified suburban railway community, the S-train. Denmark's national airline (collectively with Norway and Sweden) is Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), and Copenhagen Airport may be the largest in Scandinavia. A ferry link to your Faroe Islands is preserved by Smyril Line. Other international ferry providers are predominantly operated by DFDS (to Norway as well as British isles), Scandlines (to Germany and Sweden), Stena Line (to Norway, Sweden, and Poland), Coloration Line (to Norway), and FjordLine (to Norway).
Private autos are more and more utilized as being a indicates of transportation. As a result of the superior registration tax (180%), VAT (25%), and 1 with the world's best money tax charges, new autos are incredibly high-priced. The aim with the tax would be to discourage motor vehicle ownership. The auto fleet has risen by 45% over the past thirty several years. In 2007 an try was created by the federal government to favor beneficial to our environment autos by a little bit lessening taxes on large mileage automobiles. Even so, it has experienced small influence, as well as in 2008 Denmark knowledgeable an increase in the import of fuel inefficient aged autos generally from Germany, to be the charge for mature cars-including taxes-keeps them within the finances of numerous Danes. The common auto age (year 2011) is nine.two decades.
Bicycling in Denmark is usually a frequent sort of transportation, particularly with the younger as well as for town dwellers. That has a network of bicycle routes extending much more than twelve,000 km and an approximated 7,000 km of segregated dedicated bicycle paths and lanes, Denmark incorporates a good bicycle infrastructure.
In the 20th century, Danes have also been innovative in a number of fields on the technological know-how market. Danish businesses have been important in the transport sector with the design from the major and many strength productive container ships within the globe, and Danish engineers have contributed towards the design and style of Guy Diesel engines. In the program and electronic area, Denmark contributed to structure and production of Nordic Mobile Telephones, along with the now-defunct Danish organization DanCall was among the first to develop GSM cell phones.
Danish engineers are world-leading in giving diabetes care equipment and medicine items from Novo Nordisk and, because 2000, the Danish biotech organization Novozymes, the whole world market place chief in enzymes for first technology starch centered bioethanol, has pioneered improvement of enzymes for transforming waste to cellulosic ethanol. Medicon Valley, spanning the Øresund Location in between Zealand and Sweden, is among Europe's biggest lifetime science clusters, that contains a lot of existence science organizations and analysis organizations found inside of a really small geographical spot. Danish program engineers have taken top rated roles in a few of the world's significant programming languages: Anders Hejlsberg, (Turbo Pascal, Delphi, C#); Rasmus Lerdorf, (PHP); Bjarne Stroustrup, (C++); David Heinemeier Hansson, (Ruby on Rails); Lars Bak pioneer in virtual machines, (V8, Java VM, Dart).
General public policy
See also: Flexicurity
Following deregulating the labour market while in the nineties, Denmark has 1 from the most cost-free labour marketplaces in European international locations. Based on World Financial institution labour market rankings, the labour market adaptability is with the same levels to be the U . s .. All-around 80% of staff members belong to unions along with the unemployment resources that are attached to them. Labour industry insurance policies are mainly decided in negotiations among the workers' unions and employers' unions, as well as the government only interferes if labour strikes lengthen for as well long.
İnspite of the achievement on the trade unions, a expanding amount of people make contracts individually rather than collectively, and lots of (four outside of ten staff members) are thinking about dropping particularly unemployment fund but sometimes even union membership completely. The common personnel gets a reward at 47% in their wage level should they really have to claim positive aspects when unemployed. With lower unemployment, hardly any expect to be declaring advantages in any respect. The sole purpose then to pay for the earmarked income into the unemployment fund could well be to retire earlier and get early retirement spend (efterløn), which can be doable from the age of 60 furnished a further earmarked contribution is paid out to your unemployment fund.
The unemployment rate for December 2007 was two.7%, for any full of seventy four,900 people, a discount by 112,800 persons-2,four hundred per month-or 60% due to the fact December 2003. The Eurostat unemployment number for August 2008 is two.9%. Yet another calculate of your situation to the labour market place would be the work level, that is the percentage of folks aged 15 to sixty four in work away from the full number of individuals aged 15 to 64. The employment level for Denmark in 2007 was 77.1% according to Eurostat. Of all countries from the earth, only Switzerland with 78.percent and Iceland with 85.1% had a greater work price. On the used extra than 38% (800,000 men and women) from the full workforce work in general public market careers.
The quantity of unemployed is forecast for being sixty five,000 in 2015. The number of folks in the performing age team, much less disability pensioners etc., will develop by 10,000 to two,860,000, and employment by 70,000 to 2,790,000; part-time careers are provided. Thanks to the present significant demand and limited furnish of qualified labour, as an illustration for factory and repair employment, together with hospital nurses and physicians, the once-a-year typical doing work hrs have risen, primarily in contrast along with the recession 1987-1993. Increasingly, services employees of all types are in need, i.e. during the postal providers and as bus motorists, and lecturers. In the autumn of 2007, a lot more than 250,000 foreigners are doing the job within the place, of which 23,000 even now reside in Germany or Sweden. İn keeping with a sampling survey of about fourteen,000 enterprises from December 2007 to April 2008 39,000 work opportunities have been not filled, a number considerably decrease than previously surveys, confirming a downturn inside the economic cycle.
The level of unemployment rewards depends on previous employment (the maximum profit is at 90% on the wage) and at times also on membership of the unemployment fund, which can be practically always-but need not be-administered by a trade union, along with the past fee of contributions. On the other hand, the largest share in the funding continues to be carried through the central federal government which is financed by standard taxation, and only to your minimal diploma from earmarked contributions. There is absolutely no taxation, having said that, on proceeds obtained from providing one´s dwelling (delivered there was any household equity (friværdi)), to be the marginal tax price on capital cash flow from housing financial savings is all-around 0%. In 2011, thirteen.4% of Denmark's population was documented to live beneath the poverty line.
Denmark follows the Nordic design of a blended overall economy, characterised by a significant welfare state, a large level of public expenditure in addition to a universal social system (including overall health treatment), financed by taxes and not by cultural contributions. The welfare product is accompanied by a taxation system that may be the two broad dependent (25% VAT, not together with excise, obligation and tax) and which has a progressive cash flow tax product, indicating the greater money that is certainly gained, the upper revenue tax proportion that receives compensated (minimum amount tax fee for grownups is 42% scaling to over 60%, aside from the people of Ertholmene that escape the normally ubiquitous 8% health care tax fraction of your money taxes). Other taxes include things like the registration tax on non-public motor vehicles, in a amount of 180%, on top of VAT. Currently (July 2007) this has been modified somewhat in an make an effort to favor much more fuel reliable autos but sustaining the average taxation amount more or considerably less unchanged.
Main content articles: Demographics of Denmark and Languages of Denmark
İnhabitants by ancestry and continents of origin, 2012.
Ærøskøbing, a standard Danish town
According to 2012 figures from Statistics Denmark, 89.6% of Denmark's inhabitants of in excess of five,580,516 was of Danish descent. Most of the remaining 10.4% ended up immigrants-or descendants of latest immigrants-from neighbour nations around the world, Turkey, Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Asia and also the Middle East. İn the 10.4%, around 2 hundred,000 (34%) are of the Western track record, and approx. 390,000 (66%) possess a non-Western background.
The median age is 39.eight several years, with 0.ninety eight males for every female. 98.2% from the population (age 15 and up) is literate. The birth fee is one.seventy four youngsters born per woman (2006 est.). İn spite of the very low start charge, the inhabitants is still developing at a mean yearly amount of 0.33%. An international research conducted by Adrian White colored at Leicester College in 2006 confirmed that the inhabitants of Denmark had the very best daily life gratification from the world.
Danish, Faroese, and Greenlandic will be the formal languages of mainland Denmark, the Faroes, and Greenland, respectively; German is really an formal minority language in the previous South Jutland County close to the German border. Danish is spoken all through the kingdom and is also the nationwide language of Denmark. English and German will be the most widely spoken international languages.
Key post: Faith in Denmark
Roskilde Cathedral may be the burial spot of Danish royalty considering that the 15th century. In 1995 it turned a Planet Heritage Website.
Church of Denmark calendar year population members percentage
1984 5,113,five hundred 4,684,060 91.6%
1990 5,a hundred thirty five,409 4,584,450 89.3%
2000 5,330,500 4,536,422 85.1%
2005 5,413,600 4,498,703 83.3%
2007 5,447,a hundred 4,499,343 82.6%
2008 5,475,791 4,494,589 82.1%
2009 5,511,451 4,492,121 81.5%
2010 5,534,738 4,479,214 80.9%
2011 5,560.628 4,469,109 80.4%
statistical knowledge 1984-2002, 1990-2009 and 2010-2011. Source Kirkeministeriet
According to official statistics from January 2011, eighty.4% of the populace of Denmark are associates with the Church of Denmark (Den danske folkekirke), a Lutheran church which was created the Proven Church and condition religion from the Structure. This is certainly down 0.6% when compared on the 12 months earlier and 1.2% down in contrast to 2 many years previously. Despite the high membership figures, only 3% with the populace regularly enroll in Sunday products and services. Christian identification has a tendency to be based additional on tradition somewhat than faith.
The Structure states that a member from the Royal Family members have to be an element from the Established Church, although the remainder of the population is free of charge to adhere to other faiths. In 1682 the condition granted minimal recognition to 3 religious groups dissenting within the Established Church: Roman Catholicism, the Reformed Church and Judaism, whilst conversion to these groups within the Church of Denmark remained illegal originally. Right up until the seventies, the state formally recognised "religious societies" by royal decree. Today, spiritual groups do not need to have formal government recognition in Denmark, they are often granted the best to execute marriage ceremonies and various ceremonies devoid of this recognition.
Denmark's Muslims make up roughly 3% with the populace and form the country's second greatest non secular neighborhood and largest minority religion. As of 2009 you can find nineteen recognised Muslim communities in Denmark. As for each an overview of assorted religions and denominations with the Danish İnternational Ministry, other spiritual teams comprise fewer than 1% from the inhabitants individually and close to 2% when taken all jointly.
As outlined by quite possibly the most recent Eurobarometer Poll 2005, 31% of Danish residents responded that "they believe there exists a God", 49% responded that "they assume there may be some kind of soul or lifestyle force" and 19% responded that "they do not consider there's any kind of spirit, God or lifestyle force". A different poll, completed in 2009, located that 25% of Danes imagine Jesus may be the son of God, and 18% assume he is the saviour on the planet.
A whole new spiritual team, Forn Si?r, explains itself for a revival in the Norse paganism widespread in Denmark in advance of Christianization. It obtained condition recognition in November 2003.
Principal post: Schooling in Denmark
Rundetårn (Spherical Tower), an aged observatory during the University of Copenhagen, Denmark's oldest and greatest university
The Danish education system gives entry to primary college, secondary college and better instruction. All school and university education and learning in Denmark are absolutely free of expenses; you can find no tuition expenses to enroll in classes. Pupils in secondary faculty or better and aged 18 or above could apply for pupil support which provides fixed monetary assistance, disbursed monthly. As of 2012 it can be close to 6000 DKR or $1000 pr. month. The Education and learning Index, published using the UN's Human Enhancement Index in 2008, according to info from 2006, lists Denmark as 0.993, among the highest within the world, tied for 1st with Australia, Canada, Finland and New Zealand.
Major school in Denmark is known as "Public School" (Folkeskole). Attendance at main college is compulsory for no less than 10 years, within the age of 6 to 16. Pupils can alternatively show up at "free schools" (Friskole), or personal faculties (Privatskole) - universities that are not below the administration on the municipalities, these types of as Christian educational institutions or Waldorf educational facilities.
Subsequent graduation from Public College, there are numerous other instructional possibilities, which include Gymnasium (academically oriented upper secondary schooling), Higher Preparatory Assessment (HF) (comparable to Gymnasium, but a person calendar year shorter), Higher Specialized Evaluation Programme (HTX) (with concentrate on mathematics and engineering), and higher İndustrial Evaluation Programme (by using a focus on trade and organization), in addition as vocational schooling, schooling younger folks for get the job done in precise trades by a mix of educating and apprenticeship.
Danish universities and various better instruction institutions offer you intercontinental college students a selection of opportunities for acquiring an internationally recognised qualification in Denmark. Many programmes are tutored in English, which include Bachelor's, Master's, PhD, trade and summer months college programmes
Health and fitness care
Main report: Overall health care in Denmark
Along with Sweden and Norway, Denmark features a universal overall health care method, financed by taxes rather than by social contributions. This system is basically financed as a result of area (county and municipal) taxation with built-in funding and provision of health and fitness care at the area (county) degree. It may be the primary spot of accountability to the area regions. Compared with the previous counties, the regions are usually not authorized to levy taxes, along with the health provider is mostly financed by a nationwide well being treatment contribution of 8% (Danish: sundhedsbidrag) bundled with cash from both of those federal government and municipalities. Denmark spends 9.8% of GDP on healthcare. The everyday living expectancy in Denmark is seventy eight.6 decades, and there exists a single health practitioner for each and every 294 individuals in Denmark.
Primary post: Customs of Denmark
See also: Regulation of Jante and Scientific achievements of Danes
Summertime Evening for the Skagen Southern Seashore with Anna Ancher and Marie Krøyer by P.S. Krøyer, 1893
Historically, Denmark, like its Scandinavian neighbors, has long been one particular in the most socially progressive cultures within the world. For instance, in 1969, Denmark was the very first country to legalise pornography, as well as in 2012, Denmark replaced its "registered partnership" legal guidelines, which it were the first country to introduce in 1989, with gender-neutral marriage. Modesty, punctuality but over all equality are very important facets of the Danish method of daily life.
The astronomical discoveries of Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), Ludwig A. Colding's (1815-1888) neglected articulation of the principle of conservation of vitality, and the amazing contributions to atomic physics of Niels Bohr (1885-1962) show the variety of Danish scientific achievement. The fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), the philosophical essays of Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), the brief stories of Karen Blixen (penname Isak Dinesen), (1885-1962), the plays of Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754), as well as dense, aphoristic poetry of Piet Hein (1905-1996), have gained international recognition, as provide the symphonies of Carl Nielsen (1865-1931). From your mid nineteen nineties, Danish films have captivated intercontinental attention, in particular these associated with Dogme 95 like these of Lars Von Trier.
Main post: Architecture of Denmark
Grundtvig's Church in Copenhagen. An instance of expressionist architecture.
Denmark's architecture became firmly founded during the Middle Ages when to start with Romanesque, then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up through the country. With the sixteenth century, Dutch and Flemish designers ended up brought to Denmark, to begin with to boost the country's fortifications, but progressively to build superb royal castles and palaces from the Renaissance design. During the 17th century, lots of remarkable structures ended up designed within the Baroque fashion, each during the cash along with the provinces. Neoclassicism from France was slowly and gradually adopted by indigenous Danish architects who significantly participated in defining architectural design. A effective time period of Historicism finally merged into the 19th century Countrywide Affectionate fashion.
The twentieth century introduced alongside new architectural variations; like expressionism, finest exemplified through the styles of architect Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint, which relied greatly on Scandinavian brick Gothic traditions; and Nordic Classicism, which enjoyed quick reputation during the earlier decades in the century. It was during the 1960s that Danish architects these kinds of as Arne Jacobsen entered the earth scene with their extremely flourishing Functionalist architecture. This, consequently, has developed into more recent world-class masterpieces which includes Jørn Utzon's Sydney Opera Property and Johann Otto von Spreckelsen's Grande Arche de la Défense in Paris, paving the way to get a amount of modern Danish designers this sort of as Bjarke Ingels to be rewarded for excellence equally at your home and overseas.
Key post: Danish cuisine
Danish open sandwich (smørrebrød) on dim rye bread.
The cuisine of Denmark, like that in the other Nordic countries at the same time as that of Northern Germany, is made up generally of meat and fish. This stems from your country's agricultural past, too as its geography and climate of prolonged, chilly winters. With one hundred forty five.9 kg of meat for every man or woman in 2002, Denmark will be the region together with the major meat intake on the planet.
The open up sandwiches, recognized as smørrebrød, which in their simple type are classified as the typical fare for lunch, may be regarded a nationwide speciality when prepared and embellished which has a assortment of fine components. Warm foods traditionally encompass ground meats, such as frikadeller (meat balls), or of more significant meat and fish dishes this sort of as flæskesteg (roast pork with crackling) or kogt torsk (poached cod) with mustard sauce and trimmings. Denmark is known because of its Carlsberg and Tuborg beers and for its akvavit and bitters despite the fact that imported wine is currently gaining global recognition.
Danish chefs, motivated by continental tactics, have in recent years created an impressive series of gourmet dishes based on high-quality regional produce. Being a result, Copenhagen plus the provinces now possess a appreciable amount of really heralded eateries of which numerous have already been awarded Michelin stars.
Arne Jacobsen's Swan and Egg chairs
Primary write-up: Danish design
Danish style is actually a phrase often made use of to describe a style of functionalistic style and design and architecture that was designed in mid-20th century, originating in Denmark. Danish layout is typically applied to industrial structure, household furniture and house objects, which have won quite a few global awards.
The Danish Porcelain Factory ("Royal Copenhagen") is legendary for that high-quality of its ceramics and export products globally. Danish style and design can also be a well-known manufacturer, often connected with world-famous designers and architects this sort of as Børge Mogensen (1914-1972), Finn Juhl (1912-1989), Hans Wegner (1914-2007), Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971), Poul Kjærholm (1929-1980), Poul Henningsen (1894-1967) and Verner Panton (1926-1998). Georg Jensen (1866-1935) is mentioned for his present day layout in silver.
Other designers of notice consist of Kristian Solmer Vedel (1923-2003) from the location of commercial style and design, Jens Harald Quistgaard (1919-2008) for kitchen household furniture and implements and Ole Wanscher (1903-1985) who had a classical approach to furniture style and design.
Literature and philosophy
Main article: Danish literature
The initial regarded Danish literature is myths and folklore with the tenth and 11th century. Saxo Grammaticus, typically thought of the very first Danish writer, worked for bishop Absalon over a chronicle of Danish record (Gesta Danorum). Little is thought of other Danish literature with the Middle Ages. Along with the Age of Enlightenment arrived Ludvig Holberg whose comedy performs are still getting conducted.
The world-famous Danish poet, Hans Christian Andersen.
In the late nineteenth century, literature was noticed to be a way to affect culture. Known as the Contemporary Breakthrough, this motion was championed by Georg Brandes, Henrik Pontoppidan (awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature) and J. P. Jacobsen. Romanticism motivated the distinguished author and poet Hans Christian Andersen, known for his stories and fairy tales, e.g. The Unappealing Duckling, The Tiny Mermaid along with the Snow Queen. In recent historical past Johannes Vilhelm Jensen was also awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Karen Blixen is legendary for her novels and small stories. Other Danish writers of value are Gustav Wied, William Heinesen, Martin Andersen Nexø, Piet Hein, Hans Scherfig, Klaus Rifbjerg, Dan Turéll, T